Sunshine is delicious, rain is refreshing, wind braces us up, snow is exhilarating; there is really no such thing as bad weather, only different kinds of good weather. ~John Ruskin

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

El Ninos

El ninos are a type of irregular weather phenomenon that effect the equatorial pacific region and on every few years. The El Nino is the early stage of what is referred to as the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). An El nino will occur when the surface temp. of sea water in the Pacific rises. El ninos cause long-lasting climate problems all over the world. In summary in an El nino the warm surface water will deepen the thermocline which halts the process of upwelling in the ecosystem. The eventual long lasting layer of warm water super-charges tropical storms and other systems.

Monday, November 18, 2019

The Dust Bowl

Joseph Amado
November 18,2019
"The Dust Bowl"

The dust bowl happened on April 14, 1935, by  and was found by President Franklin D. Roosevelt It was noted that The dust bowl originated in an area between Dakota,Nebraska,Kansas,Oklahoma,Texas,Colorado and new Mexico This area where the dust bowl was founded was called a “desert” to people who passed by the area, which led to people to settle there due to the fact there was so much farm space and so much vast land they stayed there. Which led many to their deaths because they all waited for the rain to come for their crops to grow and then the dust bowl came. This drought made the precipitation in that area decrease by 25%The dust bowl also wasn't just a drought it was also a nationwide catastrophe that led to many minor “mini storms”(as i call them) Known as black blizzards. Even though there was a “depresion” It wasn't as depressing as encountering this. This storm “ was created due to the  millions of tons of dirt were swept from the parched, barren fields and swirled up into the air. These black blizzards would sweep past people houses and would make the area around it render ably not visible, but those who weren't lucky enough to stay indoors would die of “dust pneumonia”.These so called black blizzards would come and go and this phenomena would last 10 years. The dust bowl did not impact The Northern Plains, as they  weren't so badly damaged/affected but the drought, dust, and agricultural decline were felt there as well. The agricultural devastation helped to lengthen the Great Depression, whose effects were felt worldwide.  In the end the dust bowl had left a massive change in american and the entire worlds history.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina was a powerful Category 5 that hit Florida and the Gulf Coast in late August of 2005. The highest winds were 175 mph and the hurricane caused 1,836 casualties. The storm formed over the southern Bahamas on August 23, 2005, as Tropocal Depression 12. It quickly became a Category 1 hurricane and hit Florida, though not causing much damage. It then moved to the Gulf of Mexico, where it gained speed and intensity from a loop current. It was redirected and now headed toward Louisiana. It made landfall in Louisiana on August 29. Cities alll along the Gulf, especially New Orleans, were impacted the worst. The storm surge was about 25 feet high and caused 50 foot waves. Though the storm cause a lot of damage, the aftermath was even more devastating. The storm broke the levees along most of the gulf states, leading to massive flooding. To add to the mass flooding, the government was extremely slow to meet the needs of the people affected by the storm. The storm caused 108 billion dollars in damage, making it the costliest storm to ever hit the U.S.

The Peshtigo Fire

The Peshtigo Fire

Image result for peshtigo fireThe Peshtigo fire was one of the US worst forest fire that took place in northeastern Wisconsin during October 8, 1871 and lasted until October 10, 1871, the fire also took place in the same day as the Great Chicago fire, and, even though the Peshtigo Fire was more severe it was overshadow by the Chicago fire. Nobody knows how the fire started but the high temperature, prolonged drought, and introduction to industrial practice and extensive farming were major factors that could have caused a spark. The fire came from nowhere and was fast that some survivors said it was like a fire cyclone. It destroyed the town of Peshtigo in a hour and people with out any warning tried to flee towards the river. The fire destroyed about !.2 million acres, claiming 1,200-2,400 lives, and Estimated damage cost was 169 million dollars. The fire destroyed 16 other towns and skipped over Green Bay to destroy part of Door and Kewaunee.
Image result for peshtigo fire

Sunday, October 27, 2019

The Year Without A Summer

The Year Without A Summer

        Over centuries ago in 1815, Mount Tambora located in Indonesia erupted in one of the world's most powerful volcanic eruptions. This resulted in thousands of deaths on the island of Sumbawa.

1816 became known as “The year without a summer”  because suddenly unusually cold, wet conditions swept Europe and North America. The cold temperatures of 1816 would not have been possible if it was not for the eruption of Mount Tambora. The volcanic eruption claimed 10,000 lives either directly killing the victims or indirectly by the tsunamis the eruption created. An additional 80,000 people died from disease that spread.
The eruption pumped out an incredible amount of sulfur into the stratosphere, which oxidized and created sulfate aerosols. These volcanic aerosols reduce net shortwave radiation causing; widespread, long-lasting surface cooling. Reduction in global rainfall changes in the large-scale circulation of both ocean and atmosphere. Those Sulfate Aerosols caused the long term surface cooling, which caused the global temperature to drop a whopping three degrees Celsius.
The Ash and gas spewed into the atmosphere blocked out sunlight or sun altogether for more than an entire year. 1816 broke the record for being the coldest year in the last 250 years. Mostly affected Asia, Europe, and North America Crop and agricultural failure causes the price of food to jump across the globe and death of livestock and world wide famine.
Heavy snowfall and frost persisted through the summer months of 1816 destroying most of the crops in Asia North America and Europe. As famine takes hold, the livestock dies in masses and the people begin to follow soon after. 
Different types of illness spread and the sulfur in the air causes lung infections. The monsoon season is altered causing flooding in china and droughts in Africa. The widespread starvation caused thousands around the world to migrate.

Saturday, October 26, 2019

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler was born on December 25, 1571, in Weil der Stadt, W├╝rttemberg, and he died at the age of 58 on November 15, 1630, in Regensburg Germany. He was a well known German astronomer who was well known for his three laws of planetary motion.

  • Kepler's First Law of Planetary Motion: All planet move around the sun in a elliptical orbit.
  • Kepler's Second Law of Planetary Motion: The speed of the planet increases as it is near to the sun, and decreases as it moves away from the sun.
  • Kepler's Third Law of Planetary Motion: How long it takes a planet to revolve around the sun is equal to the distance of the sun.
Other than those three laws, Kepler was also known for many other things like giving a correct account on how vision works, created a Keplerian telescope, which is an refracting telescope use for observation which has a positive objectives lens and positive eye piece which gives an inverted image and a wide field of view. Image result for johannes kepler

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Theodore Fujita

Theodore Fujita was one of the most important meteorologists to ever live. He was responsible for discovering many meteorological terms and has done elaborate studies on tornadoes and how much damage they cause. He did most of his studies using the F scale or ( Fujita scale) that ranks tornadoes on how strong the winds are and how much damage they caused and he was the inventor of the F scale. He is well known for his handwritten maps of tornadoes and the directions they take. Theodore Fujita is well known in the University of Chicago for being a brilliant professor and an amazing meteorologist.