Sunshine is delicious, rain is refreshing, wind braces us up, snow is exhilarating; there is really no such thing as bad weather, only different kinds of good weather. ~John Ruskin

Sunday, December 9, 2018

Meteorology Careers

Meteorology is a branch of science that studies the atmosphere and it focuses on weather processes and forecasting. Meteorologist use scientific principles to explain, understand, observe, or forecast the earth's atmospheric phenomena and/or how the atmosphere affects the earth and life on the planet.

“Bachelor of Science degree in Meteorology or Atmospheric Sciences”
Mean Starting Salary - $90,000

Jobs with Degree in Meteorology
- Broadcast Sector
- Research & Education
- Government (National Weather Service / Intellicast
- Private Sector

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Sunday, December 2, 2018

The Great 1993 Flood

         The Great Flood of 1993 was put down as one of the most dangerous floods to have hit the United States. Having hit 9 states and lasting for 6 months the flood had left a total of $15 billion dolllars worth of damage. The flood had started back in 1992 with an abnormal amounts of rain in the Fall followed by high amounts to snow in the Winter. Then once the Spring had come and melted all the left over snow away, it left the groumd saturated and highly prone for flooding. Followed by thunderstorms in repeated areas during the timenof summer in 1993. This led to high amounts of rain showers that led to the flood of the Mississippi river. With some cites reciving 12+ inches of rain and led to the failure of numerous levees and left transportations outnof service for months to come.  Soon after the flooding had past new laws and regulations had been made to lower the property damage cost and lessen the chances of another event happening like this again .

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina

Katrina formed about 200 miles southeast of the Bahamas as a tropical depression. A band of storm clouds wrapped around the north side of the storm creating winds about 40 mph, turning it into a tropical storm. It hit Florida as a Category 1 hurricane and although it caused some flooding and casualties during its first hit, Katrina appeared to be just another hurricane in a hurricane season. It weakened after it hit Florida, but strengthened over the water in the Gulf of Mexico and re-intensified into a Category Five storm. As hurricane Katrina hit Mississippi with a large storm surge of about 28 feet it punished coastal areas in Mississippi and in Louisiana. An estimated 80% of New Orleans was left underwater and all the levees built by the U.S Army corps were destroyed.  The hurricane was so devastating that it required rescue missions from the national guards and other military units and left thousands of people homeless. Hurricane Katrina caused $81 billion in property damages, but it is estimated that the total impact in Louisiana and Mississippi may have exceeded $150 billion. The final death toll was 1,836 and almost 1,600 of these deaths were in Louisiana. Hurricane Katrina affected over 15 million people in different ways, from having to evacuate their homes, rising gas prices, and the economy suffering. In New Orleans, there are almost twice as many restaurants and shops open than there were before Katrina hit, but on the other hand, the police force is still about 25% smaller than it was the week before Katrina hit. So overall cities like New Orleans are trying their best to get back to where they were but its gonna take a lot of work. 
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Monday, November 19, 2018

Joanne Simpson

 Joanne Simpson or Joanne Gerould (her birth name)was born on March 23, 1923. She was the first woman in the United States to get a PHD in Meteorology, her father was a sailor therefore took her sailing on a catboat off Cape rod which led her to be fascinated by clouds, when she attended the University of Chicago Simpson fell inlove with it. Joanne contributed to many areas of the atmospheric sciences, particularly in the field of  Tropical Meteorology. She has researched hot towers, hurricanes, the trade winds, and helped develop the TRMM which stands for Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission. The TRMM is important even in todays environment becuase it helpds predict weather and climate. In 1958 she collaborated wth Herbert Reihl which was considered the father of Tropical Meteorology and calculated the average static moist energy and how it varied vertically theoughout the atmosphere. It goes without saying that Joanne Simpson was a very influential and intelligent person but woman really admired her work. Due to the fact that Simpson was the first American woman to receive a PHD in Meteorology this helped other female scientists persue there dreams and also actually give them a chance to work on the scientific field. Around 1966 she became NASA's lead weather researcher also was the director of Project Stormfury while bieng chief of the Environment Satellite Services Administration's Institute for Atmospheric Sciences.

Sunday, November 18, 2018

George Hadley

George Hadley

      George Hadley's Hadley Cell Theory was one of the most revolutionary scientific discoveries in toady's modern science. The Hadley Cell explain how atmospheric motions occurs in our atmosphere. Following the law of Convection Currents,  the radiation from the Sun warming up the water by the equator, the warmer water then rises up to the stratosphere and flows upward to the poles. There, the formerly warm water cools down and sinks down and eventually makes its way back to the equator to repeat this process. This is the basic fundamentals of what makes the Hadley Cells work and create our understanding of atmospheric circulation that has now fully developed into what it used today by modern scientist.

Johnstwon Flood 1977

 This flood was catastrophic because 130 million gallons of water flooded the streets of Pennsylvania. The waters carved their own paths through office buildings, factories and apartments. This happened because there were 12 inches of rain in 10 hours, and this means that there were storms back to back. This caused dams to overflow and eventually break. The people of Pennsylvania were extremely mad because the dams have daily checks and inspections and they all came black clean. After the flooding there was $300 million in damage and 84 deaths. This might've been avoided if the inspectors did a better job, but because 5 dams broke this led to better reinforcements on the bottom of the dams all around Pennsylvania. 100's of people were left homeless and they no longer had jobs. It took Pennsylvania years to get Cambria County back to its original state.
Image result for johnstown flood 1977

Image result for johnstown flood 1977

Thursday, November 15, 2018

Super Outbreak April 3-4 1974

On April 3-4 of 1974 in just 18 hours 148 struck 13 states. This included 23 F4  and 7 F5 tornadoes. What caused these storms to produce so much damage was the low pressure moving from the west towards the east. The warm moist air moving north from the Gulf of Mexico got met the low pressure in the lower Mid West. The states impacted from this cluster of storms were states in the Mississippi Valley, the Southeast, and the Midwest. This tornado outbreak was an unprecedented event and unique in its destruction. These tornadoes caused over 3.5 $billion in damage, which claimed 310 lives and left nearly 5,500 people injured. This event was such a devastation to the impact impacted was because of the lack of information given to the people to prepare. This was simply because the technology was not were it is today. People found out a couple minutes before impact which had a minimal effect on their safety. This event forced meteorologist to advance their technology to prevent this horrid event from ever happening again.